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"AN INVESTMENT IN KNOWLEDGE ALWAYS PAYS THE BEST INTEREST" BENJAMIN FRANKLIN

SOUTHERN CAUCASUS MEDIA GROUP

Марія Ползікова; Віктор Мелешко; Владлен Самошкін: Cерцево-судинні захворювання і фізичні навантаження у громадян,що займаються спортом

DOI: 10.23747/CESAJSC/31.04.2019-06

Марія Ползікова; Віктор Мелешко; Владлен Самошкін

Cерцево-судинні захворювання і фізичні навантаження у громадян,що займаються спортом.

ABSTRACT

Objective. To systematize the modern knowledge about the atherosclerosis of arterial blood vessels as one of cause to development the cardiovascular diseases with citizens who practice sports.

Methods. The method of theoretical analysis  which basing on the genezalization, synthesis, extrapolation and analysis of data base which accessible for questions of problems in modern from scientific and methodological literature, network internet and normative documents on this issue; the systematic approach.

Results. In article to systematize the modern knowledges about the atherosclerosis of arterial blood vessels as one of cause to development the cardiovascular diseases with citizens who practise sports. To describe the factors to risk of development; the laboratory and instrumental methods of diagnostics; the means of prevention, treatment and recreation of athletes with this disease nosology.

Conclusion. To the main factors of development the cardiovascular diseases of citizens who practice sports are the next factors: the variable factors (the high level of holesterol in human arterial blood; the high blood pressure – hypertension; the overweight and smoking; the low level of holesterol by plasma lipoprotein of high density; the hypodynamia; the pancreatic diabetes; the colossal nervous tension; the hypothyroidism); the constant factors (the heredity; the aging; the male ); the other factors (the low size of plasma lipoprotein by low density; the raised by level of blood homosysteine; the blood coagulation disorder; the stress).

For the diagnostic by course of the cardiovascular disease of athletes to use the other methods: the laboratory methods (the determination of level by holesterol, trigliceroles and the main lipoproteins in human arterial blood – chylomicrons; the lipoprotein by very low, by variation, by low and by high density); the in strumental methods (the electrocardiography, the echocardiography, the stress-testing, the angiography) testings.

There is possibility to use the effective methods of prevention, treatment and recreation by citizens with the cardiovascular diseases who practice sports: the ergotherapy methods (the healthing  physical culture, the weights exercises, the total developed exercises, to walking, the exercises with long activity); the therapy which to lower the level of holesterol by human of arterial blood (the diet therapy: total fat; saturated, monounsaturated, polyunsaturated fatty acids; high carbohydrate diets; proteins; modification of the way of human life).

Keywords: atherosclerosis, cardiovascular diseases, playing sports.

АНОТАЦІЯ

В роботі систематизовані сучасні знання про атеросклероз артеріальних судин як одну із причин розвитку серцево-судинних захворювань у громадян, що займаються спортом. Описані: фактори ризику розвитку; лабораторні і інструментальні методи діагностики; засоби профілактики, лікування і рекреації спортсменів з цими нозологіями.

Ключові слова: атеросклероз, серцево-судинні захворювання, заняття спортом.

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